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Diagnosis of the attitudes towards ICT of education students according to gender and educational modality

Francisco David Guillén-Gámez, Sonia Janeth Romero Martínez, Xavier Giovanni Ordóñez Camacho


Attitudes towards technology are ideas, conceptions and thoughts that guide actions and, in the case of students, can influence the learning process and academic performance. The aim of this research is to know if there are significant differences between face-to-face and completely distance learning students in relation to their attitude towards technology and according to gender. To meet this objective a non-experimental mixed research was carried out with a sample of 180 Early Childhood and Elementary Education students. Attitudes were measured and scores were compared using both parametric and non-parametric statistics. Following this methodology, the study found statistically significant differences in the average attitude towards technology depending on the educational modality and gender; specifically, men and distance learning students show more favorable attitudes in the affective dimension while face-to-face students exhibit more favorable scores in cognitive and behavioral attitudes. The conclusions derived from this study may help to develop educational interventions focused in the improvement of unfavorable attitudes.

Palabras clave

Student attitudes; distance education; face-to-face education; ICT; technology; gender

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32870/Ap.v12n1.1786

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Apertura vol. 12, núm. 1, abril - septiembre 2020, es una revista científica especializada en innovación educativa en ambientes virtuales que se publica de manera semestral por la Universidad de Guadalajara, a través de la Coordinación de Recursos Informativos del Sistema de Universidad Virtual. Oficinas en Av. La Paz 2453, colonia Arcos Sur, CP 44140, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. Tel.: 333268-8888 ext. 18775, www.udgvirtual.udg.mx/apertura, apertura@udgvirtual.udg.mx. Editor responsable: Alicia Zúñiga Llamas. Número de Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo del Título de la versión electrónica: 04-2009-080712102200-203, e-ISSN: 2007–1094; número de Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo del Título de la versión impresa: 04-2009-121512273300-102, ISSN: 1665–6180, otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Número de Licitud de Título: 13449 y número de Licitud de contenido: 11022 de la versión impresa, ambos otorgados por la Comisión Calificadora de Publicaciones y Revistas Ilustradas de la Secretaría de Gobernación. Responsable de la última actualización de este número: Sergio Alberto Mendoza Hernández. Fecha de última actualización: 31 de marzo de 2020